Open Access Short Research Article

Surveying Study on the Differences of Some Blood Components between Goats Borne Single and Twin Kids

Tanzeel Daffeia, Selma Elmalieh, Nahla A. H. Elsheikh, Tamour Elkhier

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 25-29

Aim: this study was carried out to investigate the differences in some blood component between goats borne single and twin kids.

Study Design: The number of 77 Sudanese desert goats breed was used in this study. The goats were divided randomly into two groups. Group I consist of (37 does goats) have borne twin kids more than one time, group II consist of (40 does goats) have borne twin kids more than one time and haven’t twin birth before.

Place and Duration of Study: Sample collection: south Darfur state – Sudan, and sample analysis: department of physiology and biochemistry, Faculty of veterinary science, Nyala -sudan between march 2019 and september 2020.

Methodology: blood samples were collected from goats under surveying study for measuring of hematological parameter (Red blood cells count (RBCs) in 106 cell/µl, packed cell volume (PCV) in %, Total white blood cells (WBCs) in 103 cell/ µl, Differential leucocytes count (DLC) in %), and biochemical parameters (total protein , albumin , cholesterol and calcium levels).

Results: the present study revealed significant (P≤0.05) differences in PCV between goats borne single and twin kids while demonstrate insignificant (P≥0.05) differences in other hematological and biochemical parameters under study.

Conclusion: study found that there was no significant difference in parameters under study except for PCV 

Open Access Minireview Article

Muscle Alterations in Broiler Breast: A Mini Review

Carla Daniela Suguimoto Leite, José Henrique Stringhini, Pedro Moraes Rezende

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 30-35

Muscle alterations in broiler breast meat as Wooden Breast and White Striping have been investigated in different areas of expertise to find out the etiology or to decrease the incidence. Research involving additives supplementation and nutritional strategies showed a possible decrease in incidence, but it is important to note the consequences in broiler performance. Estimated heritability for White Striping defect was low to moderate, considering different ways to analyze the breast alterations scores and statistical methodologies. In Brazil, until 2019, carcass affected by Wooden Breast was condemned in the slaughterhouse, especially extreme severe degree. A recent decree published by governmental institution oriented to stop condemnation and oriented the destination of these meat, depending on severity degree of muscle alteration. This regulation is important to reduce the economic losses by poultry industries however, the occurrence of muscle defects will not stop. The measurement of the impact on processing and performance industries is still understood and need to be monitored by poultry companies. More studies about the impact of breast myopathies on economic losses considering this new scenario need to be available.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Study of Foreign and Domestic Feeds and Their Effects on Eggs Production in Golden Breed in Baghlan Province of Afghanistan

Faizanullah Abozar, Abdul Malik Himat, Zabihullah Afghan Nazari, Nageebullah Zafari, Enayatullah Hamdard

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-14

A study was conducted in Baghlan province to compare foreign and domestic poultry feeds on Golden Egg Layers. The study was started on 2019/09/15 and took 2.5 months.  A small farm of 40 chickens was formed and the chickens were divided randomly into four equal groups (A, B, C and D). Each group of 10 chicks was housed in a special cage, and all environmental conditions such as humidity, heat, light, and darkness were kept constant during the entire period of experiment. Completely randomized research design (CRD) was adopted for the study. Groups A, B, C and D were fed feeds from Iran Shams Farahi company, Pakistan Islamabad company, Kabul Feed company and Jalalabad Habib Hussam company, respectively. The results revealed, there was no significant difference in weight gain during the first three weeks.  However, from the third week onwards there was a significant difference (p<0.05) between weights gains dietary efficiency per kilogram of body consumed. For gaining 1 Kg body weight during 3 weeks, the pullets consumed 11065 gram Islamabad company feed, 11295 gram Iran Shams Farahi company feed, 11656 gram Kabul company feed and 12945 gram Habib Hussam company feed. From the study it is clear that Islamabad company feed is more economical and effective feed as compared to feed from other three companies. A group produced 15 eggs, B group produced 129 eggs, C group produced 121 eggs and D group produced 136 eggs. Therefore, it is concluded that group B, managed on feed from Islamabad company produced significantly higher number of eggs than other three groups. In term of economical state, the net profit of Islamabad feed was 654.95 AFN, Jalalabad Habib Hussam feed 247.9 AFN, Kabul feed 229.5 AFN and Iran Shams Farahi feed was 135 AFN.

Therefore, it is concluded. that the order of effectiveness (descending order) of the poultry feeds was Islamabad company of Pakistan followed by Jalalabad Habib Hussam, Kabul Feed Company and Iran Shams Farahi Company.

Open Access Original Research Article

Reproductive Toxicity of Paraquat in Male Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)

Boufack Judith Laure, Guiekep Nounamo Arthénice Jemina, Nantia Akono Edouard, Vemo Bertin Narcisse, Kenfack Augustave, Menkem Brice, Ngaleu Njieudeu Claude Cédric, Yidjeu Nana Ferry

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 15-24

Aims: This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the effects of paraquat (pesticide) on some reproductive parameters in male guinea pig.

Methodology: Forty adult male guinea pigs averagely weighing 370.31 ± 39.43 g were distributed into 4 groups of 10 animals each, comparable in terms of body weight. During 42 days, each group of guinea pigs received by force-feeding either distilled water (control) or one of the following three doses of paraquat: 1.33, 2, 4 mg/kg of body weight. The effects of this pesticide were evaluted on some reproductive parameters (total cholesterol, libido, serum concentration of testosterone, weight of genital organs and characteristics of epididymal spermatozoa) and oxidative stress makers (testicular levels of MDA, SOD, CAT and GSH).

Results: Results showed that the total cholesterol increased significantly (P<.05) in guinea pigs exposed to paraquat relatively to the control. Animals forced-fed with the pesticide showed a significant (P<.05) decrease in the serum concentration of testosterone and an increase in the reaction time. A significant (P<.05) rise in abnormal spermatozoa as well as a significant (P<.05) drop in sperm mobility (65.00 ± 19.58) and spermatozoa plasma membrane integrity (52.88 ± 8.22) was observed in pesticide-treated animals compared to control. The testicular level of MDA (5.35 ± 1.89) and the activities of SOD (10.13 ± 2.03) and CAT (15.26 ± 4.28) increased significantly (P<.05) in paraquat treated guinea pigs compared to control animals. The reverse was observed concerning the testicular concentration of GSH (126.11 ± 48.94).

Conclusion: Paraquat has been shown to be toxic to male guinea pig, from 2 mg /kg bw through the induction of oxidative stress, thus imparing reproductive parameters.

Open Access Original Research Article

Complementation Test of Draft Oxen in Dry Season with Harvest Residues in the Cotton Zone in Northwestern Benin

S. Kate, B. M. Behingan, S. Diarra, B. Sinsin

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 36-45

The study was to conduct a dietary supplementation test on draft cattle in the dry season using the crop residue reserves that had been built up. The experimental design used was a split-plot with soil type as the large area factor and feed complementation as the small area factor. The soil type modalities were clay soils, gravelly soils, sandy soils and sandy-clay soils. The modalities of the feed complementation factor consisted of cattle from the control lot (R0) that received no complement and the second lot (Rc) that received the complement. The data collected were related to the weight of the animals, the duration of ploughing and the investment costs of the rationing trials. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) generalized linear mixed model was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the supplemented draught cattle lost less weight than the control lot. The supplemented steers finished ploughing 1/4 hectare on average 30 minutes compared to the non-supplemented steers. The profitability study of the complemented units resulted in a 25% gain in ploughing time under the conditions of cotton farms in northern Benin. The practice of building up crop residue reserves during the dry season offers several opportunities to address the current challenges of climate change.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of the Main Risk Factors Impact on Mortality Rate of Turkish Lambs in the Kunduz Province of Afghanistan

Noorullah Zahid, Gulaqa Anwari, Ghulam Rasoul Fazli

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 46-55

Aims: The objective of this study was to find out the lamb's mortality rate of associated risk factors in Kunduz province that identify mortality problems, survival lambs, and risk factors in Turkish lambs.

Design of Study: Using survey methods sampling by distributing questionnaires to sheep farmers.

Place and Duration of Study: A total of 12 villages in two main districts (Imam Sahib and Ali Abad) of Kunduz province were observed from March to December 2020.

Methodology: All the 72 sheep farmers were selected that they had 500 -1000 Turkish sheep on average (lambs were 56% males and 44% females), and main risk associated factors impact the mortality rate of lambs based on means performed by One sample and Paired T-Test were determined.

Results: The results of the study indicate that the mortality rate of the lambs was observed at 21.696% (in Kunduz province), while the mortality rate of lambs was no significant difference in the mortality percentage of two districts with P-Value = 0.462, as in Imam Sahib district, the mortality rate of lambs was 20.995%, and Aliabad reported 22.34%, individually. The analyses of variance showed that the main risk factors impact in the district of Imam Sahib was observed highly significant differences in overall variables except for dystocia in comparison to the Aliabad district. The impact of risk factors on mortality rate of lambs in Kunduz province were recorded greater by 3.8261% abortion > 3.687% nutrition > 2.603% illness > climate change 2.341% > 1.338% accident > 1.115% housing > 0.969% care of pregnant > 0.819% management > 0.800% milk > 0.697% dystocia, respectively.

Conclusion: The mortality rates of lambs were found very high with abortion, nutrition, illness, and climate change. Hence, due to the impact level of main risk factors on mortality rate, efforts should be made to increase lambing supervision, improve management of newborn lambs, and prevent diseases by focusing on the good feeding of animals.