Open Access Data Note

On-farm Fatality Rate of Cattle Transported to Lgboora Abattoir

O. O. Oyinlola, D. O. Oshibanjo, J. S. Luka, U. Okapanachi, R. O. Okeke

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-5

Aims: The shortcomings in animal welfare during the transportation of cattle had led to increased mortality among animals.  The aim of this study is to determine the fatality rate in cattle transported for slaughter in the Towobowo abattoir located in Igboora Ibarapa Central Local Government.

Materials and Methods: The fatality of cattle transported to Igboora abattoir was evaluated for four months. The cattle were brought to the lairage at Towobowo before they were slaughtered and sold out. They were usually brought in from Budo Musa and Thursday kraal market in Igboora. 2,196 cattle were brought to the abattoir between January and April, 2019. 12 animals were lost top transportation stress and mishandling. Data were analysed using chi square.

Results: There was not significant effect (p=0.4464) of the fatality rate across the months. Since, fatality is usually recorded mostly from the cattle brought from Budo Musa due to overcrowding in the trucks and under extreme atmospheric conditions with rough driving.

Conclusion: A conclusion of this study was that on-farm fatality could represent an important indicator for evaluating herd management and animal welfare practices. Further analysis and more structured data collection of this method would be needed in order to establish a robust method in sensitizing the farmers against the anomalous practice.

Open Access Short communication

Performance of Broiler Finishers Fed Diets Containing Varying Crude Protein Levels

I. S. Harande, F. A. Maiyama, A. U. Hassan, M. S. Ribah, U. Z. Senchi, M. M. Lolo

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-5

Performance of broiler finishers fed diets containing varying crude protein levels was determined. Diets were compounded and tagged T1, T2 and T3 with percent crude protein levels of 21, 23 and 25 respectively. Two hundred and ten (210) Ross 308 four (4) week old birds were randomly allocated into one of the three dietary treatment groups with 70 birds each and replicated seven times and each replicate had 10 birds. Feed intake, water intake and body weight of the birds were determined and compared. The result of weight gain, feed conversion ratio were significantly different (P<0.05), for all the treatment while feed intake, water intake, mortality showed no significant difference (P>0.05). Feeding birds with crude protein level of 25%CP at finisher phase enhance their growth.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect Year of Calving and Parity on the Productive Performance of Holstein Friesian Cows in Vom Nigeria

I. B. Gamaniel, J. O. Egahi, P. A. Addass

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-8

A total of one thousand eight hundred and thirty nine (1839) lactation records of cows calved from 2006 to 2017 were analyzed to estimate the effect of non-genetic factors on productive performance traits of Holstein-Friesian cows in Integrated Dairy Farm Vom. Data were analyzed using general linear models of SAS 2001 (version 8.0). Results revealed that the overall least  square means of Lactation Milk Yield (LMY), Productive herd life (PHL), Herd life (HL), lifetime milk yield (LTMY) and lactation length (LL) were 4716.1 ±243 litres 1831.8±73.9 days, 2984.9±91.6 days, 15524±1544 litres and 268.00 ± 432 days respectively. Years of calving had significant (P<0.05) effect on LMY, PHL, HL, LL and LTMY of the dam, while Parity also significantly (P<0.05) influenced the lactation milk yield of the dam. The observed productive performance of Holstein Friesian cattle under Vom condition was generally commendable. This may be attributed to improved management practices (such as high quality feed), maternal gene effect and adaptation of Holstein Friesian breed to the climatic condition of Vom area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Feeding Roasted Canarium schweinfurthii Seed Meal on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chicken

O. V. Adelowo, D. O. Oshibanjo, O. D. Olaiya, A. A. Banjo, M. J. Machen

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-6

Aims: The study was conducted to determine the performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed diet with roasted Canarium schweinfurthii (atili) seed meal.

Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty (120) two weeks old chicks were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments containing 0% (control) T1, 2.5% (T2), 5% (T3), and 7.5% (T4) of roasted Canarium seed meal (RCSM) respectively, in a completely randomized design. Thirty birds per treatment with three replicate of ten birds each for six weeks. The parameters measured were performance indices (initial and final weight, weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio {FCR} was calculated). The carcass parameter include live weight, bled weight, carcass weight, breast weight, thigh weight, drumstick weight, wings weight, neck weight, back weight, spleen weight, gizzard weight, liver weight, heart weight and lungs weight. The abdominal fat weight was removed, weighted and grossly examined for any pathological changes. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and ANOVA at α0.05.

Results: There was a significant variation in final weight, weight gain and feed conversion ratio. There was no significant difference in the live weight, bled weight, carcass weight, breast weight, thigh weight, drumstick weight, wings weight, neck weight, back weight, spleen weight, gizzard weight, liver weight, heart weight, lungs weight and abdominal fat weight of the birds for all the treatments.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that roasted Canarium schweifurthii (atili) seed meal inclusion in the diets of broiler chicken at 5% has no negative effect on the performance and carcass characteristics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance of Broilers Starter Fed Diets Containing Varying Crude Protein Levels

I. S. Harande, F. A. Maiyama, A. U. Hassan, M. S. Ribah, U. Z. Senchi, I. Ilevbare

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-4

Experiment was conducted in the Livestock Research and Teaching Farm Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto. To determine the performance of broiler starter fed diets containing varying crude protein levels (23, 25 and 27% CP) diets tagged T1, T2 and T3 were compounded respectively. Using two hundred and ten (210) Ross 308 day old chicks were used replicated seven times each treatment had 10 chicks per treatment. Feed intake, water intake and body weight of the birds were determined and compared. Result of final body weight, body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio were significantly different (P<0.05), for all the treatment while water intake and percent mortality showed no significant difference (P>0.05). It could be concluded that in this ecological zone, feeding up to 27% CP to broiler starters promotes live weight gain and feed efficiency.