Open Access Case Report

Vaginal Leiomyoma in a Crossbred Rottweiler Female Dog- a Case Report

H. A. Bodinga, N. Abubakar, N. Abdullahi, T. Hassan

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-4

Aims: To describe a vaginal leiomyoma in a five year old crossbred female dog and its surgical management by episiotomy.

Case Presentation: A five year old cross-breed female dog was presented to Aliyu Jodi Veterinary clinic sokoto-Nigeria with complaint of muscular tissue protruding out from the vaginal wall. Physical examination revealed a hard, firm, round nodular lesion on the left lateral vaginal wall caudal to the cervix and anterior to the urethral orifice extending caudally to a few centimeters away from the left vulval wall causing a gross distension of the vulval skin.

Discussion: Haematology and Histopathology result revealed normal PCV and leiomyoma. The animal was anaesthetized and the treatment was achieved by surgical excision of the mass via an episiotomy.

Conclusion: The article presents a rare case of vaginal leiomyoma in a five year old female dog. The management of this condition was carried out through surgical excision of the tumor mass with no post- operative complication in the present case.

Open Access Short Research Article

Incidence and Economics of Mastitis in Tamil Nadu

J. Tamizhkumaran, N. K. Sudeepkumar, P. Thilakar

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-4

This study was conducted to understand the incidence of Mastitis infection at the farm level. Data were collected from a sample of 120 cattle farms randomly selected from 12 blocks of Tiruvannamalai and Villupuram districts of Tamil Nadu respectively. Incidence of mastitis infection was high (72.5%) during monsoon, though the spread of mastitis was found throughout the year. Majority (83.3 per cent) of animals in lactation of 30 to 90 days had higher incidence of mastitis. Two-thirds (75%) of the animals in first and second lactation had high incidence rate of Mastitis. The overall average treatment cost was estimated to be ` 417 per day and the average number of days of illness was 4.19 days which resulted in an average overall treatment cost of ` 1747.92. Improper hygienic management practices lead to the increased incidence of Mastitis at the farm level. Educating the cattle owners on importance of the hygienic management practices and Clean Milk Production (CMP) through extension outreach centres and by field veterinarians would reduce the incidence of mastitis.

Open Access Original Research Article

Production and Valorization of Maggot Meal: Sustainable Source of Proteins for Indigenous Chicks

Daniel Dzepe, Paulin Nana, Timoléon Tchuinkam, Félix Meutchieye, Michel D. Lontsi, Melanie Tchoumbou, Janaina M. Kimpara

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-9

Aims: The feed industry needs new sources of highly digestible protein to substitute other valuable limited protein sources of animal origin such as fishmeal in animal feed. The aim of this study was to exploit the potential of the housefly larvae (maggots) in production of a low-cost, high-quality protein source to supplement feeds for poultry farmers.

Methodology: A trial on production of maggot meal was conducted at the farm of the University of Dschang, using substrates such as: cow dung, chicken manure and pig manure. These substrates were supplemented with fish waste which was used as a seed. A completely randomized design with three treatments (substrates) and four replicates was used. After harvest, the maggots were dried and ground to get maggot meal which was used in the diets of 45 on-day-old, non-sexed indigenous chicks. For growth experiments, a random design of three treatments and three replicates was used. Fishmeal was partly and totally substituted by maggot meal in two experimental diets, which were used to feed two groups of 15 chicks. A third group of 15 chicks was fed with a control diet, without maggot meal. Each chick was considered as an experimental unit and was fed for a period of eight weeks.

Results: Maggots were harvested four days after oviposition regardless of the substrate. Supplement with fish waste, maggots production of differences substrates doesn’t show significant difference (P > 0.05). The productivity of pig manure was slightly higher (260.32±73.18 g), followed by chicken manure (254.12±50.59 g) and cow dung (249.97±72.44 g). The chicks subjected to the experimental diet in which the fishmeal has been totally substituted by maggot meal recorded significantly higher average weight gain (886.60±158.50 g) as compared to those subjected to the partially substituted and control diets, which recorded 650.59±103.50 g and 611.20±136.90 g, respectively at the end of the experiment.

Conclusion: The results indicated that maggot meal can be used as an alternative to fishmeal in poultry feed.  

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Analysis of Growth Performance of Broiler Fed with Different Commercial Feeds of Bangladesh

Abullah Al Momen Sabuj, Nanda Barua, Md. Abu Tayyeb, Md. Akramul Bary

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-6

The present research work was conducted to analyze the growth performance of broiler fed with different commercial feeds of Bangladesh. For this purpose, a total of 200 Cobb-500 broiler day old chicks were purchased and divided into four treatment groups and fed with four different commercial feeds produced in feed mills of Bangladesh. Parameters like body weight, feed intake, feed conversion ratio (FCR) and survivability were observed up to 28 days to compare the performance of different dietary groups. Regarding body weight, the highest body weight was recorded in T3 treatment group which was statistically different from remaining groups (P<.05). Among the four treatment groups, highest and lowest total feed intakes were found in T3 (2388.8 g/bird) and T1 (1772.2 g/bird) groups. Average feed intake was found higher at four weeks of age in every treatment groups compared to early one to three weeks and they were statistically significant ((P<.05). FCR value was highest (1.55:1) in T2 dietary group indicated lower feed conversion efficiency and T4 dietary group showed better feed conversion efficiency as the FCR value was lowest (1.33:1). Compare to other treatment groups, T4 group showed 100% survivability. The present study reveals that feeds supplied to T3 and T4 were found to be better than those of T1 and T2 for the production of commercial broiler for the age of duration of day old to 28 days. So, farm owner of Bangladesh needs to check the nutrient content of commercial feed properly before providing it to broiler chickens. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Modulatory Effect of Ascorbic Acid Administration on Rectal Temperature, Percentage of Excitability and Body Weight Changes of West African Dwarf Goats Transported by Road

E. O. Agwu, O. Byanet, C. Ezihe, H. A. Abu, A. Y. Adenkola

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-11

This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the modulatory effect of ascorbic acid supplementation on rectal temperature, body weight changes and percentage excitation of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats transported by road for eight hours. A total of twenty eight (28) male West African dwarf goats of eight months to one year old were used for this study. The animals were divided into four groups of seven animals each. Animal in groups A and C were given ascorbic acid at the dosage of 250 mg/kg body weight while groups B and D were only given 10ml of sterile water each. Animals in groups A and B were transported while those in groups C and D were inside the pen on the day of transportation. The rectal temperature obtained at the experimental site before and after transportation in all the groups were not significantly (p>0.05) different. On the day of journey, rectal temperature of animals rise from 38.25±0.19°C to 39.44±0.12 in group B, from 38.58±0.13 to 39.42±0.11°C in group D while it fluctuate between 38.38±0.15 and 38.00±0.15°C in group A eight hour into the journey. At the end of the journey, there was significant (p<0.05) difference between the ascorbic acid supplemented groups and non-ascorbic acid supplemented groups. The average live weight of WAD goats in kg before the transportation were 9.14±0.52, 8.85±0.58, 8.87±0.37 and 8.93±0.59 kg in groups A, B, C and D respectively. Although there was no significant (p>0.05) difference in the live weight of goats in the various groups pre and post transportation but a percentage difference of 3.06, 5.53, 3.38 and 4.45 was obtained in group A, B, C and D respectively. Weight of animals in group A (9.83±0.45 kg) and group C (9.32±o.34 kg) were higher than the weight recorded in group B (9.00±0.95 kg) and D (8.80±0.69 kg) seven days post transportation. The percentages of excitation recorded immediately after transportation in ascorbic acid supplemented groups were significantly (p<0.05) higher than the non-ascorbic acid supplemented groups.

In conclusion, transportation of WAD goats constitute stress which could have adverse effect on rectal temperature, live weight and excitability scores, thus it is recommended that ascorbic acid should be administered to goats prior to transportation to ameliorate the stress.