Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Waste (SOFW) with Acidomix®AFG on the Coliform Count in the Small Intestine of Weaner Rabbits

L. A. Ademu, R. J. Wafar, L. O. Ademu

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-8

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit waste (SOFW) with Acidomix®AFG on the coliform count in the small intestine of weaner rabbits. It was conducted using thirty-five weaner rabbits. There were four dietary treatments, each having five replicates consisting of graded levels of SOFW at 0, 10, 15, and 20% respectively treated with Acidomix®AFG at two levels (0.5% and 0.7%) for each dietary treatment containing SOFW. The main effect of the experimental diets was significant (P<0.05) with a decrease in coliform bacteria in the intestine of the rabbits observed with increasing levels of SOFW for total coliform and lactose fermenting bacteria. Effect of Acidomix®AFG levels was significant (P<0.05) with levels of 0.7% having lower (P<0.05) counts for total coliform, lactose fermenting bacteria and non-lactose fermenting bacteria. The interaction effect between orange and acidomix levels was also significant (P<0.05) with rabbits fed 20% SOFW having the lowest coliform counts for total coliform and lactose fermenting bacteria at both levels of acidomix®AFG. It was concluded that the inclusion of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit waste (SOFW) with Acidomix®AFG has an effect on the coliform count in the small intestine of weaner rabbits.

Open Access Original Research Article

Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infestation of Calf at Sylhet Government Dairy Farm (SGDF), Bangladesh

Md. Humayon Kabir, Md. Matiur Rahman, Md. Masud Parvaj, A. B. M. Tanbir Ahmed, Md. Salman Shahariar, Md. Mahamudul Hasan, Md. Ohidur Rahman Sajal, Mohammad Mizanur Rahman, Md. Mukter Hossain

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-7

To investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infestation (GIT) of calves, 35 fecal samples were collected from District Dairy Farm, Sylhet of Bangladesh. Fecal samples of two different genotypes were examined for GIT parasites. The results of the fecal examination revealed that 57.14% calves were infected with some of the parasites. The highest prevalence of parasitic infestation was by Oesophagostomum radiatum (25.71%) followed by Trichuris trichuris (20.00%), Toxocara vitulorum (14.29%), Haemonchus contortus (11.43%), Moniezia expansa and Fasciola gigantica (8.57%) and infestation with Trichostrongylus axei, Strongyloides papillosus, Moniezia benedeni and Bunostomum phlebotomum was the lowest (2.86%). Prevalence of GIT parasitic infestation in Shahiwal and Holstein Frisian was 60% and 40% respectively. The prevalence GIT parasites in calves were high at above one year age (57.14 %) and lowest in below one year age (40.00%). The age and genotype of the calves and the locality of investigations might have influenced the prevalence of the parasitic infections.

Open Access Original Research Article

Estimation of Genetic Capacity of Simmental Dual Purpose Cattle for Milk and Conformation Traits in High Arid Climate

Oludayo Michael Akinsola, Dorcas John Jirgi, Bosede Oyegbile, Titilayo Olukunle Olushola, Zulfat Suleiman Abba, Danladi Shuaibu Bunjah

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-8

The aim of the current research was to estimate the genetic parameters for milk and conformation traits in Simmental dual-purpose cattle breed. Heritability estimates were 21% for milk yield while body type traits were 26, 13, 10, 28, 20, 35, 6 and 33% for BW, BCS, CL, CW, BD, ST, rump and HG, respectively. Repeatability estimates were all moderate and high for FCM 305 day milk yields, body and udder conformational traits. The BW and HG had positive, high and significant genetic correlation with 305 d FCM. The genetic correlation between 305 d FCM and CL was positive, moderate and significant. The Rump and BD had the highest and significant genetic correlation between body type traits. All the udder conformation traits had positive, high and significant genetic correlation with 305 d FCM except of udder clearance. Current results suggest that selection for conformation traits will translate into increased milk in Simmental cattle.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economic Implication of Foetal Wastages through Slaughter of Pregnant Pigs: A Case Study of the Makurdi Municipal Abattoir in Benue State, Nigeria

Paul O. Amuta, Kevin A. Tordue, Caleb A. Kudi, Linus I. Mhomga

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-8

Aim: This study was designed to determine the economic implication of foetal wastages through the slaughter of pregnant pigs (sows/gilts).

Study Design:  Longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: The municipal abattoir in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria served as the main source of empirical data. The abattoir was visited daily for 120 days over a period of 4 months (September to December, 2012).

Methodology: At each visit, the number and sex of pigs slaughtered, number of pregnant sows/gilts slaughtered, number of foetuses wasted and ages of the foetuses (which also indicated the stage of pregnancy of the dam) were recorded. A deterministic economic model was used to estimate the foregone revenues resulting from slaughter of pregnant sows.

Results: A total of 2095 pigs were slaughtered of which 39.46% were male and 60.54% were female. The total number of foetuses wasted was 969, revealing a monthly average of 242. The prevalence of pregnant female slaughtering was 9.0% whereas prevalence of foetal wastage was 76.55%. Frequency of foetal wastage decreased with increase in stage of pregnancy and the average male to female sex ratio of wasted foetuses was 45.76:56.24.

Foregone revenue for a single wasted foetus was estimated at ₦11,400-₦17,400.00 ($32.02-$48.88), while the average daily, monthly and annual foregone revenues of the abattoir were ₦75,292.25-₦114,919.75 ($211.50-$322.81), ₦2,258,767.50-₦3,447,592.50 ($6,344.85-$9,684.25) and ₦27,105,210.00-₦41,371,110.00 ($76,138.23-$116,210.98) respectively.

Conclusion: Curbing this huge economic waste through purposefully developed strategies (by both government and non-governmental organizations) as well as strictly supervised interventions is highly advocated.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determination of Vertebral Index in Thoracic Roentgenographs of the Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Rock O. Ukaha, Jessica I. Iloh, Eugenie Y. Tchokote

Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Page 1-7

Aim: There are numerous thoracic cage malformations that variably affect the contour and volume of the thorax in both humans and animals. Common thoracic congenital disorders are pectus deformities, and objective measures delineating the limits of normal and deformation are yet to be defined in the New Zealand White (NZW) rabbit. This research was aimed at establishing values of vertebral index (VI) of clinically normal NZW rabbit, for reference purposes.

Materials and Methods: Ten healthy NZW rabbits were acquired for this investigation. A right lateral (RtL) thoracic roentgenograph of each research animal was made. The sternovertebral distance and diameter of the tenth thoracic vertebra (T10) were evaluated in centimetres in each of the radiographs. The quotient of the vertebral diameter and sum of the same vertebral diameter and the sternovertebral distance was then obtained from each experimental radiograph as the VI for the rabbit concerned.

Results: Mean plus or minus standard error of mean (M±SEM) VI was 0.1±0.01, and the difference between male and female VIs was statistically insignificant.

Conclusion: VI is clinically, objectively, and easily applicable in radiographic investigation of the thoracic shape and depth.