Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2020-09-14T09:51:23+00:00 Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRAVS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of Animal and Veterinary sciences. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Enumeration of E. coli, Coliform and Aerobic Bacteria in Marine Fish in Port Sudan, Red Sea State, Sudan 2020-09-14T09:51:23+00:00 Iman Homeeda Abd Alrahman Ali Adil M. A. Salman El Ayis A. Abubaker Eman M. Hamad <p>This study was carried out to detect the total bacterial count, coliform count and <em>E. coli</em> count through the production chain of marine fish (fish market, scaling, restaurant before cooking, restaurant after cooking&nbsp; and cooking and cooling for 24 h)&nbsp; in Port Sudan, Red Sea State, during the period from September to December 2018. A total of 50 fish samples were randomly selected from marine fish chain. Samples were subjected for bacteriological examination. The study showed that the mean count of <em>E. coli</em> in the five stages of the fish chain was 2.57×10<sup>2 </sup><u>+</u>0 .6 cfu, the mean coliform count was 2.01 ×10<sup>3</sup><u>+</u> 0 .7 cfu/ g and the mean Aerobic Plate Count (APC) was found to be 3.6×10<sup>6</sup><u>+</u> 0.09 cfu/ g. <em>E. coli </em>showed higher mean count (7.58×10<sup>2) </sup>cfu/ g in the scaling stage. The highest aerobic plate count (117×10<sup>6</sup>) cfu/ g was detected also in the scaling&nbsp; stage, this may be due to the high number of workers involved in this process without using proper hygienic measurements. The highest coliform count 53.9×10<sup>2 </sup>cfu/ g was detected in the stage of precooking, during this period fish were put on the surface of tables without being cooled. Since high coliform contamination takes place after evisceration, the count was in its highest limit after evisceration in the restaurants. By using ANOVA with confidence interval 95% there was a significant difference between the mean of coliform, APC and <em>E. coli </em>count among the five stages in fish production chain. In conclusion the results showed that the marine fish in Port Sudan city were grossly contaminated by <em>E. coli</em> and other coliform, but adequate cooking can kill all the <em>E. coli </em>and coliform.</p> 2020-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Cage Fish Culture as Sustainable Fish Farms on Salma Dam 2020-09-10T11:04:19+00:00 Abdullah Halim <p>Aquaculture, specifically raising aquatic animals for food, is an ancient practice. Meat from aquatic animals is very often an excellent source for protein, essential fats, and vitamins. Aquaculture can also provide sustainable income to farmers in areas where feasible. Traditionally, aquaculture in Afghanistan has played only a small role in the production of animal proteins for human diets. This is despite the overwhelming acceptance by Afghans of fish, shellfish, and other seafood. The inauguration of the Salma Dam in Herat Province introduced new potential for increased aquaculture in the areas surrounding facility. The dam resulted in new large bodies of water and significantly increased irrigation for potentially 75,000 hectares. This article provides basic information on Cage Culture fish farming facilities. The aim of the research is a special focus on the Salma Dam and fish farming system that could take advantage of the facility and its increased water output and accessibility. The research did in a library method on January to April 2017. The result shows that Cage system is feasible and recommended as sustainable fish farms in the Salma dam.</p> 2020-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##