Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2021-05-13T10:13:14+00:00 Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRAVS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of Animal and Veterinary sciences. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> The Organogenesis of Camel (Camelus dromedarius) Adrenal Gland and its Relation to the Mesonephros, Metanephros and Gonads Topography and Histogensis Study 2021-05-01T08:06:51+00:00 Hidaia B. Zolain Dafaalla I. Osman <p>The&nbsp; aim&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; present&nbsp; study&nbsp; are&nbsp; to&nbsp; investigate the topography and histology of the adrenal gland during the early stages of development. This&nbsp; study was conducted in 33 camel fetuses collected from different slaughter houses&nbsp; in Sudan, then standards anatomical and histological studied were used to analysis theses amples. The primordium of the adrenal gland appeared in the intermediate mesoderm lateral to the aorta at 2.8 cm CVRL(Crown Vertebral Rump Length) foetus (73 days of age). The neuroblasts migrated from the neural crest through the dorsal mesentery and were found inside the capsule and their migration reached the maximum at 22 cm CVRL foetus (126 days of age).&nbsp; The left adrenal gland was situated more caudal than the right adrenal gland. In conclusion, the cell of foetal zone was the first zone to be differentiated, the cells of zona fasiculata were formed as early as 7 cm CVRL foetus, then the cells of the zona glomerulosa were formed the medulla was larger than the cortex and the neuroblasts were began to be differentiated. The development of the camel foetal adrenal gland in general is similar to the development of the foetal adrenal glands of other domestic animals but with special features of its own.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Using Extracts from Odor-transmitting Gland of Civet as Fixative Substance in Fragrance 2021-05-13T10:02:00+00:00 Le Huy Hai Le Mai Xuan Truc Nguyen Quoc Trung <p><strong>Aim and Objectives:</strong> Civet with the scientific name <em>Viverricula indica</em> was found in Southeast Asia, Vietnam. The Civet has an odor-transmitting gland from the musk bag. The Civet musk sac is in the abdomen, about 2 cm in front of the scrotum and in front of the penis. In the field of aromatherapy, Civet musk is a precious fixative that has been researched and widely used. In Vietnam, there are very few studies about the usage of Civet musk. Therefore, our goal in this paper was to study musk from Civet and use it as a fixative in the aroma.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Material has been used to separate the odor-transmitting gland from the Civet is in Dak Nong, Vietnam. The musk was fabricated into musk Civet absolute by means of 96% alcohol impregnation and then distillation to remove solvents at low pressure. The fragrance was diluted with solvents to evaluate the scent based on the sensory for odor evaluation.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results indicated that the fixative ability of Civet absolute was better than traditional artificial musk such as musk ambrette, musk xylol, musk ketone.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This research has proven that musk from Civet in Vietnam is a very good fixative.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evaluation of Vitamins C and E on Semen Motility and Viability in Chilled Semen of Nigerian Indigenous Turkey Toms (Meleagris gallopavo) 2021-05-13T10:13:14+00:00 W. O. Echekwu J. M. Madu G. I. Opaluwa Kuzayed E. S. Idoga I. O. Suleiman D.S. Bunjah Umar O. M. Akinsola <p>Oxidative stress has been established as a major cause of semen deterioration during <em>in-vitro</em> storage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementing the diluents of turkey semen with antioxidant vitamins C, E and a combination of vitamin C and E on semen motility and viability. Twenty healthy turkey toms aged 37-38 weeks with an average weight of 7±0.3kg were used for this study. The toms were randomly placed into four groups (T0, T1, T2 and T3) of five toms. Semen was collected bi-weekly from the turkey toms within the groups using abdominal massage method. Semen collected from individual turkey toms within each group were pooled, evaluated and extended with egg yolk citrate diluent containing no antioxidant (T0), 4 mg/ml Vitamin C (T1), 8 mg/ml Vitamin E (T2) and 4 mg/ml Vitamin C + 8 mg/ml Vitamin E (T3). The extended semen were packaged into biju bottles and stored at 4<sup>0</sup>C for 48 hours. Semen&nbsp;&nbsp; motility and viability, were assessed at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 48 hours post dilution and storage at 4<sup>0</sup>C.&nbsp;&nbsp; The motility and viability of the diluted semen decreased across the group with increase in storage time irrespective of the antioxidants added. T2 gave a better motility (55±2.8 %), viability (41.3± 1.5%) over a 24 hour period. The result from this study showed that supplementation of the diluents of turkey semen with antioxidants resulted in significant (p &lt;0.05) improvement in motility and viability. Vitamin E recorded a better result in relation to motility and viability. It can be concluded that the supplementation of diluents of turkey semen with antioxidant Vitamin C and E improves the shelf-live and quality of turkey semen during in<em>-vitro</em> storage.</p> 2021-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pharmacological Properties and Zootechnical uses of Acalypha ciliata Forssk (Euphorbiaceae), used in Traditional Beninese Medicine: Bibliographic Synthesis 2021-05-12T05:35:21+00:00 Akouavi C. C. Adoho Pascal A. Olounlade Erick V. B. Azando Sylvie M. Hounzangbe-Adote Armand B. Gbangboche <p><strong>Aims: </strong>to highlight the pharmacological importance of <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk, based on pharmacological properties, phytochemical data, toxicological data and zootechnical performance.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; Mention the design of the study here.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong><em>Biochemistry and Pharmacognosy Division, Research Unit in Zootechnics and Breeding Systems, Laboratory of Animal and Fisheries Sciences, National University of Agriculture</em> between October 2020 and February 2021.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Extensive literature review was conducted by targeting scientific databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar, with appropriate keywords such as '' <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk'', '' chemical composition of <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk'', '' properties of <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk'' and others. Boolean operators ''AND'', ''OR'' and ''NOT'' were used to optimize and refine the search.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp; there is very little pharmacological, phytochemical and toxicological data on <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk. The available scientific data reported its antimalarial, antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal and larvicidal properties. These interesting activities can be explained by the identified secondary metabolites including flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, anthraquinones, resins and glycosides, identified in the whole plant. <em>Acalypha ciliata</em> Forssk represents a plant still little explored</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp; Pharmacological work is necessary to justify all its traditional uses and to promote a good valorization of the species.</p> 2021-05-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##