Study on Physiological, Biochemical and Pathological Evolutions of Donkeys Affect by Gastrointestinal Trac Disturbances
Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences,
Aim: This study was for investigating causes, some clinical, pathological, physiological and biochemical parameters of donkeys affected by Gastrointestinal Tract Disturbances (GIT).
Study Design: Twenty donkeys were included in this study 12 GIT infected donkeys were isolated from all diseased donkeys that come to the Educational veterinary hospital of Nyala South Darfur State- Sudan according to the clinical signs of GIT-disturbance and 8 donkeys clinically normal as control group.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in Educational veterinary hospital of Nyala South Darfur State- Sudan, during the period from December 2019 to April 2021, Samples were collected from ill donkeys that come to the hospital. Those Samples were analyzed in University of Nyala, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Department of Physiology and Biochemistry.
Methodology: Case history, causes and clinical examination were taken to all donkeys under this study. Respiration rate, pulse rate, rectal temperature, and some biochemical values (total protein, albumin, globulin, creatinine, urea, triglyceride, phosphate, AST and LDH) were measured.
Results: Porridge, Leaves of beans, Water Mellon, Grain over feeding were found the main causes of GIT disturbance in donkeys, causes of some GIT disturbance of donkeys were unknown, respiration rate, pulse rate and rectal temperature were elevated, behavior of donkey infected by GIT disturbance changes were rolling, no desire to walk, petechial haemorrhage of eye mucus membrane, bilateral abdominal distension, all measured biochemical value were highly increased.
Conclusion: Most causes of GIT disturbance in donkeys were found somehow related to the food administration, behavioral changes, elevation of some physiological and biochemical parameters were registered in donkeys under this study.
- Gastrointestinal trac disturbances
- GIT biochemical parameters
How to Cite
Thiemann AK, et al. Colic in the donkey. The Equine Acute Abdomen; Blikslager, AT, White, NA, Moore, JN, Mair, TS, Eds. 2017;471-488.
Bryan J, David F, Duggan V. Investigation of acute colic in the adult horse. Ir Vet J. 2009;62: 541-7.
Neri F, et al. Effect of colic vein ligature in rats with loperamide-induced constipation. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology; 2012.
Moore JN, Barton MH. Treatment of endotoxemia. Veterinary Clinics: Equine Practice. 2003;19(3):681-695.
Peiró JR, et al. Effects of lidocaine infusion during experimental endotoxemia in horses. Journal of veterinary internal medicine. 2010;24(4):940-948.
Wang X, Quinn PJ. Endotoxins: lipopolysaccharides of gram-negative bacteria, in Endotoxins: structure, function and recognition. Springer. 2010;3-25.
Heredia N, García S. Animals as sources of food-borne pathogens: A review. Animal nutrition. 2018;4(3):250-255.
Archer D, Proudman C. Epidemiological clues to preventing colic. The Veterinary Journal. 2006; 172(1):29-39.
Husted L, et al. Risk factors for faecal sand excretion in Icelandic horses. Equine veterinary Journal, 2005;37(4):351-355.
Reinemeyer CR, Nielsen MK. Parasitism and colic. Veterinary Clinics: Equine Practice. 2009; 25(2):233-245.
Cox R, et al. Epidemiology of impaction colic in donkeys in the UK. BMC Veterinary Research. 2007;3(1):1-9.
Du Toit N, et al. Post mortem survey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005–2006). Part 1: prevalence of specific dental disorders. Equine Veterinary Journal. 2008;40(3): 204-208.
Scantlebury C, et al. Recurrent colic in the horse: Incidence and risk factors for recurrence in the general practice population. Equine Veterinary Journal. 2011;43:81-88.
Ferraro G, Colic: An age-old problem. CEH Horse report. 2008;26(1):3-16.
Kelly WR. Veterinary clinical diagnosis. Bailliere Tindall; 1984.
Bahar A, et al. Study on Physiological and Biochemical Evalutions of Horses Affected by Gastrointestinal Tract Disturbances. Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2021;13-19.
Phillips RJ, Powley TL. Tension and stretch receptors in gastrointestinal smooth muscle: re-evaluating vagal mechano- receptor electrophysiology. Brain Research Reviews. 2000;34(1-2):1-26.
Greenwood-Van Meerveld B, Johnson AC, Grundy D. Gastrointestinal physiology and function. Gastrointestinal Pharmacology. 2017;1-16.
Wallsten H, Olsson K, Dahlborn K. Temperature regulation in horses during exercise and recovery in a cool environment. Acta veterinaria scandinavica. 2012;54(1):1-6.
Gomaa N, Koeller G, Schusser GF. Triglycerides, free fatty acids and total bilirubin in horses with left ventral colon impaction. Pferdeheilkunde. 2009;25(2): 137-40.
Radostits O, et al. A textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses. Veterinary medicine. 2000;9:603-700.
White NA, Edwards GB. Handbook of equine colic. Butterworth-Heinemann; 1999.
Baher AIA. Study on Colic in Draught Horses and Donkeys in Nyala City, South Darfur State, Sudan. Sudan University of Science and Technology; 2014.
Thiemann AK, Sullivan RJ. Gastrointestinal disorders of donkeys and mules. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice. 2019;35(3):419.
McKenzie HC. Equine hyperlipidemias. Veterinary Clinics: Equine Practice. 2011; 27(1):59-72.
Alsaad K, Nori A. Clinical, hematological and biochemical studies of colic syndrome in draught horses in Mosul. in Proceedings of the 14 th Scientific Conference Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Assiut University, Egypt; 2010.
Davis JL, et al. A retrospective analysis of hepatic injury in horses with proximal enteritis (1984–2002). Journal of veterinary internal medicine. 2003;17(6):896-901.
Tripathi A, et al. The gut–liver axis and the intersection with the microbiome. Nature reviews Gastroenterology & hepatology. 2018;15(7):397-411.
Chang G, et al. Feeding a high-grain diet reduces the percentage of LPS clearance and enhances immune gene expression in goat liver. BMC Veterinary Research. 2015;11(1):1-11.
Abstract View: 23 times
PDF Download: 6 times