A Report on Production and Management System of Broiler at Shibpur Upazila, Narsingdi, Bangladesh
Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences,
The study was carried out to identify the rearing and management systems of commercial broiler and production performance of broiler with their problem and the possible solution at Shibpur Upazila, Narsingdi, Bangladesh. Broiler farmers who reared at least 800 to 1200 birds in the rural areas of Shibpur Upazila were selected for the study. The necessary data on management and production systems of broiler were collected from the respondents through face to face interview with the structured questionnaire process applied to broiler farmers between August-2018 to December-2018. Five (5) broiler farms were visited in study area for study broiler farming from day old chick to end of the production cycle. This data about the management and production system of broilers were recorded in detail by visiting the farms directly or as provided by the respective poultry farms owner by himself. The farmer collected the chick from dealer. The price of day old broiler chicks (DOC) was 40-45/chick. From 1st week to 5th weeks farmer used rice husk or saw dust as a litter where depth was 2-4 inch. In the study farm, the farmer gave brooding temperature 95°F on 1st week, 90°F on 2nd week, 85°F on 3rd week, 80°F on 4th week and 75°F on 5th week. The farmer follow the ideal feeder and waterer space. The lighting was provide 24 hours in first week of age and from second week the 2-3 hours darkness were provide for adaption if electricity fall. Farmer gave crumble feed from first to second week and provides pellet feed until marketing. In the studied farms, broiler birds were given pellet and crumble feed throughout the production cycle. The Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of the broiler was recorded (1.53-1.58) on an average. Farmers also found that, 2-3% birds died up to marketing. Broilers are routinely vaccinated to provide protection from Infectious Diseases.
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