Main Article Content
Bangladesh has a subtropical monsoon climate characterized by wide seasonal variations in rainfall, temperature and humidity which is suitable for goat rearing. The study was conducted to know the goat farm management and rearing system, feeding practices and productive performance in different geographical area of Bangladesh for the period of six months. The experiment was carried out during January to June in 2019. In this study data were collected from a total of 210 goat farmers in 28 different villages of north-western, north Bengal, south-western, and southern region of Bangladesh. It was observed that the feeding and management has great impact on goat production. Most of the farmers (80.5%) reared goats in semi-intensive system while, 12.2% farmers used free range system (extensive). The production rate and breeding performance was higher in semi-intensive system than that of extensive system. The main feeds for goats were green grass, tree leaves and main water source was pond though some farmers supplied concentrate feeds to their goats. The majority of goat farmers (83%) used village buck to bred their does and most of the farmers (89%) paid service charge to the buck keeper’s while, most of them did not keep own buck for natural service. The kidding rate was higher in northern region than that of southern region. In contrast kid mortality was higher in southern region (21%) than that of other region. The northern region was free from salinity, which was favorable for goat rearing. In this region the average number of goat (4.13 ± 0.45), doe (1.17 ± 0.26), buck (0.76 ± 0.01) and kids (2.21 ± 0.22) was higher than that of any other region. The southern region was showed low kidding rate and high kid mortality. The average number of goat (2.57 ± 0.28), doe (0.75 ± 0.11), buck (0.52 ± 0.11) and kids (1.38 ± 0.16) was lower in southern region than that of any other region. It was observed that the variation on production performance of goat in different geographical area of Bangladesh due to topography and salinity. Moreover, it was indicated that the northern region of Bangladesh has the highest performance of goat production both in intensive and semi-intensive farming.
Oklahoma State University. Breeds of livestock; 2014.
Capote J. Sistema de explotación caprina en zonas áridas. Actas de las XXVII Jornadas Científicas y VI Internacionales de la SEOC. 2002;95–100.
Capote J, Castro N, Caja G, Fernández G, Briggs H, Argüello A. Effects of the frequency of milking and lactation stage on milk fractions and milk composition in Tinerfeña dairy goats. Small Rumin. Res. 2008;75(2–3):252–255.
Torres A, Castro N, Argüello A, Capote J. Comparison between two milk distribution structures in dairy goats milked at different milking frequencies. Small Rumin. Res. 2013;114(1):161–166.
Sánchez J, Díaz F. La desertificación. Concepto y alcance. Procesos de degradación. Evaluación de la desertificación. Jornadas Académicas Profesionales Desertificación y Recuperación de Suelos. 2007;7–26.
Suárez CL. Salinización de terrenos agrícolas y naturales a consecuencia del uso de fertilizantes y plaguicidas. Medidas correctoras. Jornadas Académicas Profesionales Desertificación y Recuperación de Suelos. 2007;81–92.
BBS. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Population and housing census. Ministry of Planning. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh; 2011.
BBS. Bangladesh Bureau of statistics, Ministry of Planning, Government of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh; 2017.
Bhowmik N, Mia MM, Rahman MM, Islam S. Preliminary Study on crossbred goats at Chittagong region of Bangladesh. Iranian journal of Applied Animal Science. 2014;4(1):89–93.
BER. Bangladesh economic review, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh; 2016.
Chowdhury SA, Bhuiyan MSA, Faruk S. Rearing Black Bengal goat under semi-intensive management: Physiological and reproductive performances. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 2002;15(4):477–484.
DLS. Department of Livestock Services. Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock. Government of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh; 2016.
BER. Bangladesh economic review, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh; 2012.
Islam MR, Amin MR, Kabir AKMA, Ahmed MU. Comparative study between semi-intensive and scavenging production system on the performance of Black Bengal goat. J. Ban. Aril. Univ. 2009;7(1):79–86.