Prevalence and Viability of Hydatid Cysts in Bovine Slaughtered in Selected Abattoirs within Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria

Deborah Madi Dibal *

Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Vantsawa Philip Anthony

Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Ossai Emmanuel

Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: The study is aimed at determining the prevalence, cyst characteristics and viability of echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at selected abattoir in Kaduna Metropolis.

Methodology: This was a cross sectional study carried out at Tudun-wada abattoir, Kakuri (Makera) abattoir, Kawo abattoir and Sabon–Tasha abattoir, all within Kaduna metropolis, from January to July, 2019.

Results: Out of the 160 cattle examined (40 from each abattoir), 21 (12.2 %) were found to harbor visible hydatid cysts. Significantly higher infection (p < 0.05) was detected in cattle with poor body conditions than animals with moderate and fat body condition score. No significant variation was observed with regards to sex of animals. Animals used were all adults. Cysts were found to be distributed in the lung, liver, kidney, spleen and heart as follows: 42.9%, 38.0%, 4.76%, 9.50% and 4.76% respectively. Out of 36 hydatid cysts examined, 17 (47.22%), 14 (38.88%) and 5 (13.88%) were found to be small, medium and large- sized respectively. Likewise, out of 36 cysts assessed, 18 (50%) were fertile, 4 (11.11%) sterile and 14 (38.8%) were calcified. Of the 18 fertile cysts subjected for viability test, 12 (27.7%) were viable while, 8(22.2%) were non-viable.

Conclusion: Despite the moderate magnitude of infection detected currently, there seems to be an existing socioeconomic situation favorable for hydatidosis and hence it remains one of the most important diseases warranting serious medical and veterinary attention.

Keywords: Echinococcosis, cysts, abattoir, fertile, viability, organs


How to Cite

Dibal, D. M., Anthony, V. P., & Emmanuel, O. (2022). Prevalence and Viability of Hydatid Cysts in Bovine Slaughtered in Selected Abattoirs within Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 5(3), 201–206. Retrieved from https://journalajravs.com/index.php/AJRAVS/article/view/210

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Magaji AA, Oboegulem SI, Daneji AI, Garba HS, Salihu MD, Junaidu AU. Incidence of hydatid cyst disease in farm animals slaughtered at Sokoto central abattoir, Sokoto state, Nigeria. Vet. World. 2011;4(5):197-200.

Ogunsan EA, Umar IO, Bannor TT, Majyagbe KA. Hydatidosis in slaughtered camels in Sokoto state Nigerian. Nigerian Vet. J. 2000;21:1-9.

Luka SA, Ajogi I, Nock I, Kudi C, Umorh J. Evaluation of enzyme linked immunosorbet assay (ELISA) and western blotting for the immunodiagnosis of hydatid diseases in sheep and goats. Internet J. Vet. Med. 2009;5(2):3-5.

Schantz PM. Parasitic zoonosis in perspective. Int. J. Parasitol. 1990;(2): 165-166.

Biu AA, Abagwe SA. Prevalence of hydatidosis amongst food animals in semi-arid North-Eastern Nigeria. Bioscience Research Community. 2002;14(1):85-91.

Melese Teklay, Yeshitila Amede, Zelalem Nigusie and Abebe Fromsa. Bovine hydatidosis, prevalence and economic significanc at adirait municipal abattoir, Northern Ethiopia. Advances in Biological Research 2017;11(3):109-115.

Mekuria Mandefro, Birhanu Tilahum, Yehualashet Bayu, Tesfaheywe Zeryehum. Prevalence of bovine hydatidosis and its economic importance in adama municipal abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal. 2019;23(1): 24-41.

Negash k, Beyene D, Kumsa B. Cystic echinococcosis in cattleslaughtered at shashenne municipal abattoir, South Central Oromia, Ethiopia: Prevalence, Cyst distribution and fertility. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2013;107:229-234.

Abebe A, Beyene D, Kumsa B. Cystic echinococcosis in cattle slaughtered at gondar elfora export abattoir, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Parasitic Diseases. 2013;107:229-234.

Bersissa Kumsa. Cystic Echinococcosis in slaughtered cattle at addis ababa abattoir enterprise, Ethiopia. Veterinary Animal Science. 2019;7.

DOI: 10.1016/j.vas.2019.100050

Layla Omran Elmajdoub, Wahab A Rahman. Prevalence of hydatid cysts in slaughtered animals from different areas of Libya. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2015;05(01):1-0.

A Melaku, B Lukas, B Bogale. Cyst Viability, Organ distribution and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at dessie municipal abattoir North-Eastern Ethiopia. Veterinary World. 2012;5(4):213-218.

Tesfaye Belachew, Mekdes Abay, Tesheme Gunse. Bovine hydatid cyst: Prevalence, characteristic, public health and economic importance at adama abattoir central Ethiopia. International Journal of Veterinary Science Research; 2019.

ISSN: 2640-7604

Anastasia Founta, Spyridon Chlionnakiis, Konstantina Antoniadau Sotiriadou, Maria Koidou, Vasileios Bampidis. Prevalence of hydatidosis and Fertility of hydatid cysts in food animals in Northern Greece. Veterinaria Italiana. 2016;52(2):123-7.

Nebyou Moje, Adugna Degeta. Prevalence, Cyst viability, organ distribution and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at nekemte municipal abattoir, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 2014;6(11):280-288.

Getachew Gedeno Guduro, Angerson Hadushn Desta. Cyst viability and economic significance of hydatidosis in Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Parasitology Research; 2019.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2038628

Tijjani AO, Musa HI, Atsanda NN, Mamman B. Prevalence of hydatidosis in sheep and goats slaughtered at damaturu abattoir, Yobe state Nigeria. Nigerian Vet. J. 2010;31(1):71-75.

Jenkins JD. Hydatidosis; A zoonosis of unrecognized increasing importance. J. Med. Microbiol. 1998;47:282-282.

National Animal Health Information System (NAHIS). Echinococcosis. Animal Health Australia; 2004.

Available:http://www.aahc.com.au/nahis/disease/dislist.as

Kebege N, Mitiku A, Tilahun G. Hydatidosis of slaughtered animals in bahir dar abattoir north-western Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 2009;4:43-50.

Thrusfield MV. Veterinary Epidemiology, (3rd Edition). Wilery. 2005;584.

Dada BJO. Taeniasis, cysticercosis and echinococcosis/hydatidosis in Nigeria: III- prevalence of bovine and porcine cysticercosis, and hydatid cyst infection based on joint examination of slaughtered food animals. J. Helminthology. 1980;54: 293-297.

Luka SA, Ajogi I, Nock IH, Umoh JU, Kudi AC. Serodiagnosis of hydatidosis in camels slaughtered in Kano abattoir, northern Nigeria. Pan-African J. Series. 2011;39:1.

Oyedutan AA, Temitope UK, Emmanuel CU. Echinococcus granulosus prevalence in dogs in Southwest Nigeria. J. Parasitol. Res. 2014;2014.

Njoroge EM, Mbithi PM, Gathum JM, Zeyhle E (2002). A study of cystic echinococcusis in slaughter animals in three selsected areas of northern Turkana Kenya. Veterinary Parasitology 2002;104 (1):85-89.

Eckert J, Gotstein B, Health D, Liu FJ. Prevention of echinococcosis in humans and safety percussion. In: WHO/OIE Manuel on Echinococcosis in humans and animals; a public health problem of global concern. Eckert J, Gemmell MA, Meslin FX, Pawlowski ZS. (Editors). World Organization for animal Health, Paris, Price. 2001;238-247.