Chemical and Minerals Composition of Dried Ruminal Fluid with Spray Drying Method with Various Hydrocolloids

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Fariba Rezai-Sarteshnizi
Hossein Abdi-Benemar
Jamal Seifdavati

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the chemical and minerals composition of dried ruminal fluid with spray drying method with various hydrocolloids. Rumen contents were taken from the slaughterhouse and powdered by spray drying with different hydrocolloids including sodium alginate (RA), guar gum (RG), chitosan (RC) and maltodextrin (RM) in two ratios (0.5 and 1% (w/v)). Samples were analyzed with a completely randomized design. The results of mean percentages showed the samples contained moisture (617 ± 0.60 to 7.29 ± 0.03%), crude protein (9.96 ± 0.06 to 13.02 ± 0.04%), ether extract (1.82 ± 0.11 to 3.43 ± 0.13%), Ash (16.25 ± 0.21 to 22.67 ± 0.15%), NDF (24.18 ± 0.12 to 27.90 ± 0.10%), and carbohydrates (36.84 ± 0.05 to 44.54 ± 0.56%). The minerals were sodium (1.98 ± 0.12 to 4.02 ± 0.17%), potassium (0.46 ± 0.07 to 0.76 ± 0.10%), magnesium (0.69 ± 0.05 to 1.02 ± 0.07%), calcium (0.33 ± 0.02 to 0.70±0.05%) and phosphorous (1.22 ± 0.07 to 1.87± 0.01%). The results indicated that dried ruminal fluid with spray drying method with various hydrocolloids has nutrition values that could provide nutrients and minerals for livestock. It is recommended in the diet of animals.

Keywords:
Proximate composition, ruminal fluid, spray drying, hydrocolloids, mineral

Article Details

How to Cite
Rezai-Sarteshnizi, F., Abdi-Benemar, H., & Seifdavati, J. (2019). Chemical and Minerals Composition of Dried Ruminal Fluid with Spray Drying Method with Various Hydrocolloids. Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 3(2), 1-6. Retrieved from http://journalajravs.com/index.php/AJRAVS/article/view/30037
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Original Research Article